We listed each deduction definition below. If you need more help with reporting deductions, contact us.
Advancements/Reimbursements, Returns and Allowances
Amounts received as advancement or reimbursement when the customer or client alone is liable to pay for the procurement of goods and services. The taxpayer making the payment cannot have primary or secondary liability, other than as agent, to pay for the goods and services. See returns and allowances. WAC 458-20-111; WAC 458-20-108
Amounts Derived from Distribution of Water through Irrigation Systems
Amounts derived from the distribution of water through an irrigation system, solely for irrigation purposes. WAC 458-20-179
Amounts Expended to Improve Consumers' Efficiency of Energy
Amounts expended to improve consumers' efficiency of energy use, or to otherwise reduce the use of electrical energy or gas by consumers, provided the installations of the measures to improve the efficiency were begun after June 12, 1980 and before January 1, 1990. WAC 458-20-17901
Amounts Paid to Another for Services Jointly Provided
Amounts paid to a subcontractor of a public utility service that is jointly provided. This deduction is available to prime contractors of public utility services. Sellers of public utility commodities (gas, water, and electrical power) may also take a deduction under the Other line for sales for resale. Write "for resale" on the Other line. WAC 458-20-179
Amounts Received by Nonprofit Water Associations for Capital Projects
To qualify for this deduction, the income must be derived from the distribution of water and be used for capital improvements. Amounts which meet only one of these conditions are not deductible. WAC 458-20-179
Amounts Received for Distribution to Eligible Behavioral Health Programs
This B&O tax deduction applies to health and welfare organizations (RCW 82.04.431) and to behavioral health administrative services organizations (RCW 71.24.025).
- Health or social welfare organizations may deduct amounts received for providing mental health services or substance use disorder treatment services under a government-funded program.
- Behavioral health administrative service organizations may deduct amounts received from the state of Washington for distribution to a health or social welfare organization who qualify for the above deduction (bullet 1).
Apportionment (Interstate & Foreign Sales)
Income subject to the service and other activities classification, the royalties classification, and other apportionable income B&O classifications must apportion income between states and/or countries. Apportionment guide; WAC 458-20-19401
Activities conducted by qualifying artistic or cultural organizations are not subject to B&O tax. WAC 458-20-249
Amounts previously reported and determined to be noncollectable. These amounts must also be written off for IRS purposes. The bad debt credit or deduction is limited to the original retail seller. See Bad Debt Tax Credit. WAC 458-20-196; Special Notice – Bad Debt Deduction – Limited
BPA Credits used for Low-income Assistance or Weatherization
Amounts received from the Bonneville Power Association (BPA) for low-income ratepayer assistance and weatherization programs. The amounts may be received as credits against contracts or refunds.
This exemption expires Jan. 1, 2031. (SB 5008, Chapter 226, Laws of 2021)
Cash and Trade Discounts
The amount of the discount may be deducted from the gross proceeds of sales if such amount was previously reported. Discounts are typically used as incentives for early payment. WAC 458-20-108
Casual Sales/Accommodation Sales
Casual sales consist of amounts received for sales of tangible personal property by persons not usually selling such items.
Note: The seller must collect and remit the sales tax. Accommodation sales are amounts received by a business for selling goods at cost to a like business to fill an existing order. WAC 458-20-106; WAC 458-20-208
Certain Initiation Fees/Dues/Contributions
Bona fide initiation fees and membership dues received by a business for which no goods or services are received and only give the payee the right to be a member. Contributions that are given as outright gifts for which no goods or services are received can also be deducted. RCW 82.04.4282
Certain Network Telephone Service
Amounts for network telephone service, other than toll service, for residential customers and network telephone service paid for by using coins in a coin-operated telephone. WAC 458-20-245
Clay Targets by Nonprofit Gun Clubs
Exemption expired July 1, 2017
Clay targets purchased by nonprofit gun clubs are exempt from retail sales and use tax when the targets are used in providing the activity of clay target shooting for a fee. This tax preference is subject to public disclosure 24 months after it was claimed. Special Notice - The Purchase of Clay Targets by a Nonprofit Gun Club; RCW 82.08.205; RCW 82.12.205
Compliant Carryout Bag Charge
This deduction is only available for retail businesses that collect the Compliant Carryout bag charge from their customer when they provide their customer with carryout bags. This deduction is limited to the amount required to be collected under RCW 70A.530.020. RCW 82.04.770
Water distribution businesses with a water system plan that includes plans for water conservation may deduct 75 percent of the amounts expended for water conservation. The plan must be filed with the Department of Health. (ESHB 1832, Chapter 237, Laws of 2001)
Sales of consigned goods when the seller collects and remits the retail sales tax. WAC 458-20-159
Custom Farming/Farm Services for Related Party
Deduction Effective: July 1, 2022
Income received for performing custom farming services for a farmer is exempt from B&O tax, when the person performing the custom farming services is:
- An eligible farmer.
- At least 50 percent owned by an eligible farmer.
Additionally, income received for performing one or any combination of the following farming services for an eligible farmer, or a person performing custom farming services, is exempt from B&O tax when the person performing the service and the farmer, or custom farmer receiving the service, are related:
- Farm management services
- Contract labor services
- Services provided to animals that are defined as agricultural products in RCW 82.04.213.
For more information, please see Special Notice – Custom Farming Exemption
Dairy, Fresh Fruit/Vegetable, and Seafood Manufactured Products for Transport Out of State
Selling dairy, fresh fruit/vegetable, or seafood products manufactured and sold by the manufacturer at wholesale to a customer that transports the product outside this state in the normal course of business. Web pages:
Dairy Products Used in Manufacturing of Dairy Products
Selling dairy products manufactured and sold by the manufacturer at wholesale to a customer who uses the dairy products as an ingredient or component in the manufacturing of another dairy product in Washington. Web page:
Dairy and Seafood Manufactured Products for Transport Out of State
Selling dairy or seafood products manufactured and sold by the manufacturer at retail to a customer that transports the product outside this state in the normal course of business. Web pages:
Deconstruction of Derelict Vessels
Beginning October 1, 2014, vessel deconstruction activities are exempt from retail sales and use taxes. The sales tax exemption only applies to deconstruction facilities holding the required permit. RCW 82.08.9996
Delivery System Reform Incentive Payments / Medicaid Transformation Funding
You may take a business and occupation (B&O) tax deduction for Delivery System Reform Incentive Payments (DSRIP), Medicaid Transformation Funding, or both if you are one of the following:
- Accountable community of health that receives DSRIP, Medicaid Transformation Funding, or both from the Washington Healthcare Authority.
- Hospital owned by a municipal corporation or political subdivision.
- Hospital affiliated with a state institution.
See our Special Notice - Business and Occupation (B&O) Tax deduction available for your Delivery System Reform Incentive Payments (DSRIP) and Tax Topics article on Medicaid incentive payments for more information.
Direct Pay Permits
The Department of Revenue allows certain purchasers to pay use tax directly to the Department rather than to their vendors at the time of purchase. Businesses must present a copy of the Direct Pay Permit to the vendor. Vendors must retain a copy of the permit in their files to document the exempt sale. Sales should be reported under the Retailing and Retail Sales Tax classification. Identify the retail sales tax deduction on the deduction detail page of the tax return as "Direct Pay Permits." Not allowed against Retailing B&O. Special Notice – Certain Taxpayers To Pay Use Tax Directly to the Department of Revenue
Exempt Agricultural Products by Distributor
Effective October 19, 2017, the law exempts certain sales of fertilizer, crop protection products and seeds between eligible distributors and eligible retailers from B&O tax when there is a specified percentage of common ownership between the distributor and retailers. RCW 82.04.628
Exempt Food Sales
Sales of food and food ingredients are exempt from retail sales tax. However, prepared foods, dietary supplements, and soft drinks are taxable. To review food definitions, see Special Notices. RCW 82.08.0293; WAC 458-20-244
Exempt Manufactured Products
Manufacturing dairy, fresh fruit/vegetables, or seafood products. Special Notice – Dairy product manufacturers B&O tax deductions extended – Update on tax reporting requirements; Special Notice – Fresh Fruit or Vegetable Manufacturers B&O Tax Exemptions Extended – Change in Filing Requirements; Special Notice – Seafood product manufacturers B&O tax exemptions extended – Change in filing requirements; RCW 82.04.4266; RCW 82.04.4268; RCW 82.04.4269
Farm Hauling for Related Party
Deduction Effective: July 1, 2022
Income received for hauling agricultural products, farm machinery, or equipment for a farmer or person performing custom farming services is exempt from public utility tax (PUT) when the person performing the hauling and the farmer or custom farmer receiving the service are related.
For more information, please see Special Notice – Custom Farming Exemption
In order to claim this exemption, the following conditions must be met:
Feminine Hygiene Products
Sales of feminine hygiene products are exempt from retail sales tax. Special Notice - Sales tax exemption for feminine hygiene products
Flavor Imparters Sold to Restaurants
Exemption expired July 1, 2017
From October 1, 2013 through June 30, 2017 restaurants could take a sales tax exemption for purchases of the following items:
For more information please see our Special Notice.
Freight on Out-of-State Deliveries
Freight and delivery costs incurred by a Washington manufacturer for out-of-state shipments. WAC 458-20-112
Amounts paid out or value of merchandise given as prizes in games of chance. WAC 458-20-131
Gases and Chemicals Used in Production of Semiconductor Materials
An exemption from retail sales and use tax is provided to manufacturers and processors for hire on purchases of gases and chemicals used to produce semiconductor materials. Manufacturers of silicon solar wafers, silicon solar cells, thin film solar devices, solar grade silicon, or compound semiconductor solar wafers also qualify for this exemption. RCW 82.08.9651; RCW 82.12.9651; WAC 458-20-267
Government Funded Mental Health and Chemical Dependency Services
Deduction expired Jan. 1, 2020
This deduction is only available to a behavior health organization (BHO) or to health or social welfare organizations.
Gross Sales Tax Collected by Facilitator
Marketplace sellers may claim a retail sales tax deduction for sales where a marketplace facilitator collects and pays Washington sales tax on their behalf. Marketplace sellers owe retailing B&O tax on these sales. See Marketplace sellers.
Hog Fuel Used to Produce Electricity, Steam, Heat, or Biofuel
Purchases of hog fuel used to produce electricity, steam, heat, or biofuel are exempt from Retail Sales and Use Tax. "Hog fuel" is defined as wood waste and other wood residuals including forest-derived biomass. Hog fuel does not include firewood or wood pellets. Special Notice - Sales/Use Tax Exemption on Purchases of Hog Fuel Extended - updated requirements effective July 23, 2023.
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles
For sale or lease of a qualifying new or used electric hydrogen fuel cell vehicle.
Interest on Certain Investments, Loans, and/or Obligations
Interest received on investments or loans primarily secured by first mortgages or trust deeds on nontransient residential properties. Interest received on obligations of the state of Washington, its political subdivisions, and municipal corporations. Interest received on direct obligations of the federal government. (Interest attributable to loans or other financial obligations on which the federal government is merely a guarantor or insurer does not qualify.) WAC 458-20-146; WAC 458-20-14601
In-state Sales of Motor Vehicles, Etc. to Nonresidents
This deduction only applies to sales of motor vehicles, campers, trailers, watercraft, farm machinery, and vessels. To claim the deduction, you must retain the appropriate sales tax exemption certificate for the type of property you sell.
Note: Sales of other tangible personal property is no longer exempt at the point of sale. Please see the Sales tax exemption for nonresidents information.
Interest on Loans to Rural/Nonprofit/Governmental Utility
Deduction Effective July 1, 2023
Cooperative finance organizations may deduct amounts received from loans to rural electric cooperatives or other nonprofit or governmental utility service providers.
(SB 5166 Chapter 317, Laws of 2023).
Note: This deduction expires Jan. 1, 2034, however, the Legislature intends to extend the expiration date if at least one in-state cooperative financing organization uses the deduction.
Interstate and Foreign Sales
Goods sold and delivered to customers outside of Washington or transportation of persons or goods across state or international boundaries. Documentation is necessary.
Note: Manufacturers and extractors who sell outside of Washington must report under manufacturing , or extracting classifications ; this deduction is not valid for those classifications. WAC 458-20-193; 458-20-193C
LNG for use as a Transportation Fuel
This deduction from retail sales tax is available to distributors and manufacturers of natural gas sold in a liquefied state. This gas must be used as transportation fuel by a business operating as private or common carriers by water in interstate or foreign commerce. Special Notice – Compressed Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas Used a Transportation Fuel; RCW 82.08.0261 (2) (a). Exemption form for purchasing CNG or LNG for transportation fuel use.
Low Density/Wholesale Power Costs
This applies only to those light and power businesses with retail power rates exceeding the state average power rates. RCW 82.16.053
Medicaid Quality Improvement Program Incentive Payments
You may take a business and occupation (B&O) tax deduction for Medicaid Quality Improvement Program Incentive Payments if you are one of the following:
See our Special Notice - Medicaid incentive payments business and occupation tax deductions expanded and Tax Topics article on Medicaid incentive payments for more information.
Medical Endorsed Retailer – Sales of High CBD Compliant Cannabis Products
A retail sales tax exemption is allowed for sales of high-CBD compliant cannabis products by cannabis retailers with a medical endorsement to all consumers.
Medical Endorsed Retailer – Sales of Cannabis and Low-THC Products to Patients with Recognition Cards
A retail sales tax exemption is allowed for sales of certain cannabis and low-THC products by cannabis retailers with a medical endorsement to qualifying patients and designated providers with recognition cards.
Motor Vehicle Fuel Sales
Sales of gasoline, diesel, and other fuels.
Note: Only sellers of fuel may take this deduction. WAC 458-20-126
Motor Vehicle Fuel Tax
The selling price of motor vehicle fuel includes state and federal fuel taxes. B&O tax does not apply to these taxes. This deduction allows the wholesaler or retailer to exclude fuel taxes.
Note: Only sellers of fuel may take this deduction. See Motor vehicle fuel tax rates. WAC 458-20-126
Sales of newspapers are not subject to sales tax. This does not include publications that are bound and/or stapled. WAC 458-20-143
No Local Activity
Sales made in Washington by an out-of-state seller without activities in Washington, which establish, maintain or facilitate a market for its products or services. This also includes sales of consumer products made to or through a direct seller's representative. WAC 458-20-193; 458-20-246
Nonprofit Salmon Recovery Grants
Amounts received by a nonprofit organization from the United States or any of its instrumentalities, the State of Washington or any of its municipal corporations or political subdivisions, or an Indian tribe as defined in RCW 43.06.523, as salmon recovery grants (RCW 82.04.4339; ESB 5220, Chapter 143, Laws of 2021).
Note: Reference for new section under RCW 82.08 to replace bill once known.
Most allowable deductions are listed on the Deduction Detail sheet. Your business, however, may have a specific deduction allowed by law that is not listed. Please refer to the statute governing your type of business, or call your local Revenue office to ensure the deduction is valid. Invalid deductions will be disallowed. Use of the Other deduction line requires appropriate documentation or explanation. A 'resale' deduction is not valid under retail sales tax. Report amounts sold for resale under the wholesaling classification of the B&O tax. Also, there are no deductions for labor, materials, or any other costs of doing business.
Paint Stewardship Fee
This B&O deduction is available to sellers of architectural paint. The paint stewardship fee is a fee assessed on sales of architectural paint in containers of 5 gallons or less, to establish a program for unused paint.
Note: This fee is administered by Department of Ecology and not the Department of Revenue. RCW 82.04.765
Paymaster Service from Affiliated Business
A qualified employer of record (paymaster) that provides payroll and related human resources services for an affiliated business may take a deduction from gross income for amounts received to cover employee costs of a qualified employee. A qualified employer of record or paymaster is a person who:
A qualified employer of record may have statutory or common law liability to the qualified employees or to third parties for employee costs.
A qualified employer of record must be under common control with the affiliated business. "Common control" means the possession, directly or indirectly, of more than fifty percent of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting shares, by contract, or otherwise. This tax preference is subject to public disclosure 24 months after it was claimed. Special Notice - Paymaster Deduction
Prescription Drugs/Hearing Aids/Lenses/Etc.
Sales of the above items for human use are exempt from sales tax when the buyer presents a prescription. WAC 458-20-18801
Prescription Drugs Sold by Publicly Operated or Nonprofit Hospitals
Sales of prescription drugs by religious or charitable nonprofit organizations operating kidney dialysis facilities, certain nursing homes, and homes for unwed mothers. WAC 458-20-168
Propane and Natural Gas by Mint Growers
Exemption expired July 1, 2017
Mint grower purchases of liquid propane and natural gas used to distill mint on a farm are exempt from sales and use tax. This tax preference is subject to public disclosure 24 months after it was claimed. RCW 82.08.220; RCW 82.12.220; WAC 458-20-210
Purebred Livestock for Breeding
Sales of purebred livestock for breeding purposes where the animals are registered with a nationally recognized breed association. Sellers must receive and retain an exemption certificate from the buyer. See the Farmers' Certificate for Wholesale Purchases and Sales Tax Exemption. WAC 458-20-210
Qualified Nonresident Sales
Deduction expired Jun. 30, 2019
Sales of tangible personal property for use outside of Washington by residents of: Alaska, American Samoa, Alberta, Colorado, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Oregon, and Yukon Territory. Tax exempt sales to these residents are at the discretion of the seller.
Note: When making tax exempt sales, the seller must see photo identification, such as a driver's license, issued by the buyer's state of residence. The seller must also record certain information. This exemption only applies to sales of goods which will not be used in Washington. It does not apply to lodging, restaurant meals, or other sales which involve consumption in Washington. See Excise Tax Advisory (ETA) 3054.2011.
Qualified Washington Health Benefit Exchange Plans
Amounts received by a health care provider for services covered by a qualified health plan offered under RCW 41.05.410 are exempt from B&O tax. Special Notice - New B&O tax exemption for services covered by a Qualified Washington Health Benefit Exchange health plan
Qualifying Blood Banks
A business and occupation (B&O) tax exemption is available to qualifying
for amounts they receive that are exempt from federal income tax. (RCW 82.04.324)
Qualified Ride-sharing Services
To qualify for this deduction, funds received must be in the course of ride sharing or ride sharing for persons with special transportation needs in accordance with RCW 46.74.010.
Radioactive Waste Disposal Fees
There is a deduction available to you on certain fees (Chapter 43.200 RCW, RCW 82.04.260, RCW 43.145.010)
Note: Only select taxpayers who report income under the Radioactive Waste Disposal B&O tax classification use this deduction.
Network, national, or regional advertising income received by an individual broadcasting station. WAC 458-20-241
Special Notice - Change to the advertising deduction for radio and television broadcasting
Municipalities and businesses operating with permits filed with the Department of Ecology for reclaimed water may deduct 75 percent of their gross income. (ESHB 1832, Chapter 237, Laws of 2001)
Rentals from Out-of-state Dealers
Deduction effective Jan. 1, 2022
This deduction only applies to rentals of heavy equipment rental property from rental locations outside of Washington to consumers in this state. (RCW 82.51.030(2)). See our Special Notice - Heavy equipment rental tax.
Rentals to Government
Deduction effective Jan. 1, 2022
This deduction is available for rentals of heavy equipment rental property to the U.S. Government, the state of Washington and its political subdivisions, and municipal corporations. (RCW 82.51.030(1)). See our Special Notice - Heavy equipment rental tax.
Retail Sales Tax Exempt Purchases by Farmer
Eligible farmers may purchase replacement parts for farm machinery and equipment without paying retail sales tax, starting July 1, 2006. Before claiming the exemption, farmers must apply to the Department of Revenue for an exemption certificate. Purchases made before July 1, 2006 are subject to sales or use tax. (Substitute House Bill (SHB) 2457, Chapter 172, Laws of 2006). See Updated Special Notice - Replacement Parts for Farm Machinery and Equipment - Sales and Use Tax Exemption.
Returned / Destroyed Goods
This is a deduction for tobacco products that are destroyed or returned to the manufacturer, on which the tax was previously paid.
Returns and Allowances
Amount of the sales price on which sales tax has been returned or credited to the purchaser. WAC 458-20-108
Ride Sharing Vans
Sales of passenger motor vehicles which are to be used as ride-sharing vehicles. RCW 82.08.0287
Sales and Leases of New/Used Clean Alternative Fuel Vehicles
For sale or lease of a qualifying new or used clean alternative fuel, and plug-in hybrid vehicle. Special Notice - New clean alternative fuel and plug-In hybrid vehicle sales/use tax exemptions
Note: An additional addendum is required when taking this deduction.
Sales of Automotive Adaptive Equipment to Disabled Veterans
Sales of add-on automotive adaptive equipment prescribed by a physician to a disabled veteran or a disabled member of the armed forces are exempt from retail sales tax and/or use tax. Labor and services charges incurred for installing and repairing the equipment is also exempt from retail sales and/or use tax. For more information, see Special Notice - Sales of Automotive Adaptive Equipment to Disabled Veterans.
Sales of Batteries / Infrastructure for Electric and Hybrid Vessels
A retail sales and use tax exemption is allowed for the purchase of batteries, battery packs, shoreside battery infrastructure, and retail services related to the installation or repair of such property used to power electric marine propulsion systems or hybrid electric marine propulsion systems with a continuous power greater than fifteen kilowatts. Special Notice: Batteries for electric vessel and marine propulsion systems tax exemption
Sales of Computer Hardware/Software Peripherals to Aerospace Industry
A retail sales and use tax deduction is allowed on purchases of computer hardware, software, and computer peripherals, and charges for labor and services related to the installation of such equipment. The exemption is only available to manufacturers and processors for hire of commercial airplanes or component parts of commercial airplanes, non-manufacturers engaged in the business of aerospace product development, certificated FAR repair stations making retail sales, and aerospace tooling manufacturers. Special Notice for Manufacturers; Special Notice for Non-manufacturers; Special Notice for FAR Repair Stations; RCW 82.08.975; RCW 82.12.975
Sales of Construction Services for New Commercial Airplane Manufacturing Buildings
Retail sales tax does not apply to charges of labor and services provided during building construction by:
The sales tax exemption applies to:
The business must provide the seller with a completed exemption certificate.
Sales of Data Center Service/Power Equipment
Sales to qualifying businesses and to qualifying tenants of eligible server equipment to be installed, without intervening use, in an eligible computer data center, and to charges made for labor and services rendered in respect to installing eligible server equipment. The exemption also applies to sales to qualifying businesses and to qualifying tenants of eligible power infrastructure, including labor and services rendered in respect to constructing, installing, repairing, altering, or improving eligible power infrastructure. RCW 82.08.986; Special Notice - Tax Exemptions Extended for Certain Purchases by Eligible Data Centers and Their Tenants; Special Notice - Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Rural Data Centers Expanded; Special Notice - Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Nonrural Data Centers.
Sales of Feed to Eligible Apiarists
A deduction from retail sales and use tax for the purchase of feed used by an eligible apiarist in the raising of a bee colony used to make honey products. See Special Notice - Tax Exemptions for Honey Beekeepers for more information.
Sales of Feed to Fish Farmers
Sales of feed to fish farmers. Sellers must receive a resale certificate from the buyer. WAC 458-20-102; WAC 458-20-210
Sales of Honey Bees to Eligible Apiarists
A retail sales and use tax deduction for the sales of bees to an eligible apiarist. To document the exempt purchases, the eligible apiarist (buyer) must provide the seller a properly completed Buyer's Retails Sales Tax Exemption Certificate at the time of purchase. For more information, see our Special Notice - Tax Exemptions for Honey Beekeepers.
Sales of Low-THC Products by Health Care Professionals
Starting July 1, 2016, sales and donations of topical, nondigestible low-THC products by certain health care professionals to qualifying patients are exempt from sales tax. See Special Notice - Sales and use tax exemptions for certain low-THC products from health care professionals.
Sales of Manufacturing Machinery/Equipment and Installation Labor
Sales and leases of machinery and equipment, including repair and replacement parts with a useful life in excess of one year, to manufacturers and processors for hire for direct use in manufacturing operations. This exemption includes charges for installation, labor and services. Sellers must obtain a Manufacturer's Sales and Use Tax Exemption Certificate for Manufacturing Machinery and Equipment from the buyer. WAC 458-20-13601
Sales of New Electric Vessels and Marine Propulsion Systems
For sales of new battery-powered electric marine propulsion systems with continuous power greater than 15 kW and new vessels equipped with battery-powered electric marine propulsion systems with continuous power greater than 15 kW. For more information see Special Notice: New electric vessel and marine propulsion system tax exemption.
Sales of Qualified Ride-sharing Vehicles
A retail sales tax deduction for the sale of ride-share vehicles. To document exempt purchases, an eligible buyer must provide the seller a properly completed Buyer's Retails Sales Tax Exemption Certificate at the time of purchase. For more information, see our Special Notice – Ride-share vehicles.
Sales of Solar Machinery/Equipment, Installation Labor
A retail sales and use tax deduction is allowed for the purchase of machinery and equipment used by certain facilities to generate electricity or produce thermal heat.
Sales of Spirits
The general retail sales tax imposed under RCW 82.08.020 does not apply to the sale of spirits in their original container. RCW 82.08.150(8)
This deduction is limited to the sale of spirits in their original container. This is not a valid deduction for sales of poured drinks containing spirits for on-premises consumption. Poured drink spirits sales are subject to the retail sales tax under RCW 82.08.020.
The amount reported under this deduction classification should not be included in other Retail Sales tax deductions.
Sales of Zero Emission Buses, Batteries, Fuel cells, and Infrastructure for Electric Vehicles
For sales and installation of batteries/fuel cells for electric vehicles, installation of battery/fuel cell electric vehicle infrastructure (including renewable hydrogen production facilities and hydrogen fueling stations), tangible personal property that will become a component of battery/fuel cell electric vehicle infrastructure during the course of installing, constructing, repairing, or improving, and the sale of zero emission buses. RCW 82.08.816 and RCW 82.12.816; Special Notice - Tax exemptions on electric vehicle infrastructure, electric vehicle batteries and fuel cells, and zero emissions buses
Sales to Electrolytic Processors
For the sale of power to an Electrolytic Processor. An Electrolytic Processor is a person who is engaged in a business that uses more than ten average megawatts of electricity per month in a chlor-alkali electrolytic process to split the electrochemical bonds of sodium chloride and water to make chlorine and sodium hydroxide. Does not include direct service industrial customers or their subsidiaries that contract for the purchase of power from the Bonneville power administration. RCW 82.16.0421.
Sales to Nonprofit Organizations of Artistic/Cultural Art Objects for Displays
Purchases of art objects or property by artistic or cultural organizations for use in displaying art objects or providing exhibitions are exempt from sales tax. The seller must obtain a Buyers Retail Sales Tax Exemption Certificate from the buyer. WAC 458-20-249
Sales to Other Refuse Collectors
Persons who collect the refuse collection tax and who, themselves, use the services of others for the transfer, storage, or disposal of the waste collected are not required to again pay the tax to such other service providers. The refuse collection business must provide the other refuse service provider with a refuse collector's exemption certificate. WAC 458-20-250
Sales to Qualified Blood Banks
Nonprofit blood and tissue banks are exempt from retail sales and use tax on purchases of medical supplies, chemicals and materials. However, the exemption does not extend to construction materials, office equipment and supplies, or vehicles. RCW 82.08.02805; RCW 82.12.02747
Sales to US Government
Sales of tangible personal property or labor to repair or install tangible personal property for the U.S. Government, its institutions, departments, and industries. WAC 458-20-190; WAC 458-20-250; Special Notice - How to document your United States government credit card purchases
Sales/Repair of Large Private Planes to Non-residents
This exemption applies to sales of, or labor and services rendered in repairing, cleaning, altering, or improving large private airplanes owned by nonresidents of this state. RCW 82.08.215
Amounts received as scan-down allowances on food and food ingredients for human and pet consumption when no additional services (for example advertising or product placement) are required.
Small Timber Harvester
Small Harvesters may deduct up to one hundred thousand dollars per tax year from their gross receipts or value of products proceeding or accruing from timber harvested. Amounts above the one hundred thousand dollars remain subject to B&O tax. This deduction is allowed under the Extracting Timber B&O and Wholesaling of Timber or Wood Products B&O tax classifications, under the Small Harvester. RCW 84.33.035, and WAC 458-20-13501.
Standard Financial Information by International Financial Investment Management Companies
Qualifying international investment management service companies (IIMS) are exempt from sales and use taxes when they purchase or use standard financial information. The purchases are exempt regardless of how the information is transmitted to the buyer:
A buyer may claim the exemption on no more than $15 million in purchases per calendar year. This tax preference is subject to public disclosure 24 months after it was claimed. Special Notice - Taxation of international investment management companies; RCW 82.08.207; RCW 82.12.207; WAC 458-20-15503
Tax Deferral Investment Certificate Number
Sales to persons approved for sales tax deferral by the Department of Revenue. Sellers must keep a copy of the purchaser's deferral certificate. RCW 82.60; RCW 82.61; RCW 82.63
Tax in Gross
Used to "back out" the amount of retail sales tax included in the gross amount reported on Retailing  and Retail Sales  only if the gross amount includes retail sales tax.
Taxable Amount for Tax Paid at Source
Amount on which sales tax was previously paid on goods purchased for resale without intervening use. WAC 458-20-102
Sales tax does not apply to the value of property traded in on the purchase of property of the same kind. B&O tax does apply to that value. WAC 458-20-247
Tribal Tax-Exempt Sales with Delivery in Indian Country
Sales delivered in Indian Country (e.g. reservation and trust land) to a tribe or an enrolled member of that tribe. A seller making a tax-exempt sale to a tribal customer must document to whom the sale is made (e.g. verify tribal ID or tribal-issued document) and that the seller, its employees, or a for-hire carrier acting as the seller’s agent, delivered the goods to, or performed services in, the tribal customer’s Indian Country. Copies should be kept by the seller. WAC 458-20-192(5); Retail sales tax exemption form: Tax Exemption for Sales to Tribes.
Tribal Fishing, Hunting, and Gathering
Sales of retail goods and services directly used in tribal fishing, hunting, and gathering activities. Delivery may occur anywhere in the state. A seller making a tax-exempt sale to a tribal customer must document to whom the sale is made (e.g. verify tribal ID or tribal-issued documentation) and what is sold. Copies should be kept by the seller. WAC 458-20-192(6)(b); Retail sales tax exemption form: Tribal fishing, hunting and gathering.
University Managed County Hospital
Starting July 1, 2019, B&O tax does not apply to a hospital doing business in this state that meets all three of the following requirements:
This exemption expires Jan. 1, 2030. (SHB 2168, Chapter 451, Laws of 2019)
Use Tax Notice Election by Sellers
Marketplace sellers may claim a retail sales tax deduction for sales where they (or a marketplace facilitator) will notify their customers of Washington’s use tax reporting requirements. Marketplace sellers owe retailing B&O tax on these sales. See use tax notice and reporting penalties.
Wax/Ceramic materials to create castings
Sales of wax or ceramic materials used to create molds consumed during the process of creating ferrous and nonferrous investment castings used in industrial applications are exempt from retail sales and use tax. Labor and services used to create patterns and shells used as molds also qualify. Special Notice - Sales Tax Exemption for Investment Casting Process; RCW 82.08.983; RCW 82.12.983
- Items used to flavor food that are completely or substantially consumed by combustion during the cooking process (e.g. wood chips, charcoal, charcoal briquettes, grape vines, etc.).
- Items comprised entirely of wood that support the food during the cooking process (e.g. cedar, maple or alder grilling planks)
- BHOs may deduct amounts received from the state for distribution to a health or social welfare organization for mental health or chemical dependency services provided under a government-funded program.
- Health or social welfare organizations may deduct amounts received as compensation for mental health or chemical dependency services provided under a government-funded program.
- The deduction for mental health services is for amounts received on or after Aug. 1, 2011 and expired Jan. 1, 2020. The deduction for chemical dependency services is for amounts received on or after Apr. 1, 2016 and expired Jan. 1, 2020. Taxpayers claiming this deduction must file an Annual Tax Performance Report with the Department of Revenue. The report must be submitted by May 31 of each year. This tax preference is subject to public disclosure 24 months after it was claimed. Update: Chemical Dependency Services Added to B&O Tax Deduction for Providing Mental Health Services under a Government Funded Program.
- Hospital owned by a municipal corporation or political subdivision.
- Hospital affiliated with a state institution.
- Managed care organization as defined in RCW 74.60.010.
- Has no functional employment relationship with a qualified employee; and
- Has no contractual liability with a qualified employee for the employee costs.
- blood banks
- tissue banks, and
- blood and tissue banks
- a manufacturer who builds commercial airplanes, wings or fuselages, or
- a port district, political subdivision, or municipal corporation who is leasing to a manufacturer who builds commercial airplanes, wings or fuselages.
- sales of tangible personal property used as a component during building construction, and
- charges made for labor and services, provided during general construction, that are not otherwise eligible for the Manufacturers Machinery and Equipment Sales Tax exemption.
- digital download,
- over the Internet, or
- tangible media such as a disc or via paper.
- It is a “hospital” as defined under chapter 70.41 RCW.
- It is owned by a county with a population greater than two million.
- It is managed by a state university.